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    The teaching of geography at Greystones Primary School

In addition to reading the information that is detailed below, you may like to follow these links for more details about what is taught and expectations at Greystones (just click on the words):

Geography - Progression of Knowledge and Skills

Geography - Curriculum Overview

Geography - Key Vocabulary - Foundation Stage 2

Geography - Key Vocabulary - Key Stage 1

Geography - Key Vocabulary - Lower key Stage 2

Geography - Key Vocabulary - Upper Key Stage 2



The Geography curriculum at Greystones inspires children’s curiosity about the world and its people which will remain with them for the rest of their lives. Children are encouraged to develop a broader, deeper understanding and knowledge of the world as well as their place within it. Geography at Greystones promotes interest and understanding of diverse places, people, resources and natural and human environments, together with a deep understanding of the Earth’s key physical and human processes and how these bring variation and change over time. This enables children to develop knowledge and skills that are transferable to other curriculum areas, which are used to promote their spiritual, moral, social and cultural development. The study of geography at Greystones helps children to develop a sense of identity and promotes responsible citizenship.


Through high quality teaching, we develop the following essential characteristics of geographers: 

  • An excellent knowledge of where places are and what they are like, in Britain and the wider world; 

  • A comprehensive understanding of the ways in which places are interdependent and interconnected; 

  • Fluency in complex, geographical enquiry and the ability to apply questioning skills, as well as effective presentation techniques; 

  • The ability to reach clear conclusions and explain findings; 

  • Excellent fieldwork skills as well as other geographical aptitudes and techniques; 

  • The ability to express well-balanced opinions, rooted in a knowledge and understanding of current issues in society and the environment; 

  • A genuine interest in the subject and a real sense of curiosity about the world and its people. 





To ensure high standards of teaching and learning in geography we implement a curriculum that is progressive throughout the whole school. The curriculum at Greystones is based on the 2014 Primary National Curriculum in England which provides a broad framework and outlines the knowledge and skills taught in each Key Stage (KS). Teachers plan lessons for their class referring to the School’s progression and skills document. This ensures that the curriculum is covered and the skills and knowledge taught are progressive from year group to year group.

In KS1 children begin to use maps and recognise physical and human features of the local area, building to using maps to explore the continents and oceans of the world in year 2.

Further, in year 2 children begin to compare where they live to places outside Europe and ask and answer geographical questions. In KS2 map skills are developed further using digital maps, more keys and symbols and fieldwork skills. Through revisiting and consolidating skills children build on prior knowledge alongside new skills and challenge. All children expand their knowledge relating to locality, place, human and physical geography of the wider world utilising their geographical and fieldwork skills. Across both key stages children are given a range of opportunities to experience geography through practical, engaging tasks beyond the classroom. There is exploration of the local area, countryside and coasts as well as further geographical learning including the use of map reading skills during residential trips.





All children will use geographical vocabulary accurately and understand the different strands of geography with a deep understanding of the Earth’s key physical and human processes. Children will begin to make relevant links from geography to other curriculum subjects such as history and science. They will improve their enquiry skills and curiosity about the world and their impact upon it. As children progress throughout the school they develop a deep knowledge, understanding and appreciation of their local area and its place within the wider geographical context. All children will realise that they have choices to make in the world which enable them to develop a positive commitment to the environment and the future of the planet. Geographical understanding as well as children’s spiritual, moral, social and cultural development, is further supported by the school’s links with its international partner school in Nepal. Children will become competent in collecting, analysing and communicating a range of data sources. They will be able to interpret geographical information from a range of sources and communicate this in a variety of ways. All children will be able to speak confidently about their geographical learning, skills and knowledge.


 We measure the impact of our curriculum through the following methods:

  • Assessing children’s understanding of the topic before and after the unit is taught;

  • Summative assessment of pupil discussions about their learning;

  • Images of the children’s practical learning; 

  • Marking of written work in books;

  • Interviewing pupils about their learning (pupil voice);

  • Moderation where pupils’ books are scrutinised and feedback is given to teachers for them to reflect on the work of their class and year group;

  • Reporting of standards across the curriculum.

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